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人教英语选修二Unit 5 First Aid 微课教学+课件教案下载 2021-01-13 01:54:53

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Unit 5 单词朗读:

Unit 5 课文朗读:

视频教学:



重点单词:


重点句型:

Unit5 First aid知识点详解


Ⅰ. 常考单词必背


1.aid  n. ①[U]援助;救护;帮助 ②[C]辅助者;有助之物 vt. 帮助


While in the past we stressed aid,now we stress economic cooperation.

我们过去侧重提供援助,现在强调经济合作。


[快速闪记]

(1)do/give/offer first aid  进行急救

with the aid of  在……帮助下;借助于

come/go to one\\\\\\'s aid  来(去)帮助某人

in aid of  作为……的帮助;为了

(2)aid sb to do.../in doing...  帮助某人做……

aid sb with...  帮助某人……


2.injury  n. [C]&[U]伤害;损害


Be careful lifting that heavy box—you\\\\\\'ll do yourself an injury!

=Be careful lifting that heavy box—you\\\\\\'ll do an injury to yourself!

抬那个重箱子要小心——你会把自己弄伤的!


[快速闪记]

injure  vt. 损害;伤害

injured  adj.受伤的;受冤屈的

the injured  伤员

do sb an injury/do an injury to sb  伤害某人


3.bleed (bled,bled)  vi. 出血;流血;悲痛;流出 vt.使出血;给……放血


Our hearts bled for you. 我们为你感到悲痛。

bleed away one\\\\\\'s life(=bleed to death) 流血致死

Doctors sometimes bleed sick people. 大夫有时为病人抽血。


4. poison n. [C]&[U]毒药;毒物 vt. 使中毒;毒死;放毒于

poisonous adj. ①有毒的②(在道德上毒害人的)有害的


5.complex  adj. 复杂的


It is a complex system,but it certainly makes a change.

这是个复杂的体系,不过确实有所改变。


6.variety  n. 变化;多样化;多变性


Chinese food is famous for its wide variety.

中餐以菜系多样而闻名。


[快速闪记]

a variety of  种种;各种各样的

various  adj. 不同的;各种各样的

variously adv. 各种各样地

vary  vi. 不同;变化


7.swell (swelled,swollen/swelled)  vi. ①肿胀;膨胀 ②逐渐增加


His legs became red,swollen and covered with blisters.

他的腿变得红肿起来,布满了水泡。

His bank balance has swelled by £222,000 in the last three weeks.

在过去的 3 周里,他银行的存款多了 222 000 英镑。


8.squeeze vt.&vi. 榨;挤;压榨


[快速闪记]

squeeze out 榨出;挤出

squeeze through 挤过去

squeeze one\\\\\\'s way 挤过


9.pour  vt. 倒;注;灌 vi. ①下大雨 ②涌出/进


Please pour me a cup of coffee. 请给我再倒咖啡。

It never rains but it pours. 不下则已,下则倾盆。


10.firm n. 商行;公司 adj. ①结实的;坚固的 ②坚定的;强有力的


I work in a law firm,practicing business law,you know. 我在律师事务所工作,如你所知,从事商业法。

The city walls are as firm as rock. 城墙坚如磐石。


[快速闪记]

firmly  adv. 坚定地;坚决地;牢牢地


11.apply  vt.&vi. ①申请 ②应用;使用;适用 ③涂、施


You should apply immediately,in person or by letter. 你应该立即申请,亲自去也好,写信也好。


[快速闪记]

(1)apply to sb for...  向……申请……

apply for  申请;请求

apply sth to sth 将某物应用某物;把……涂抹到……

apply to  适用……(to为介词)

apply oneself to  专心致志于……

(2)application  n. [C]&[U]请求;申请;应用;适用

applicant  n. [C]申请人;应征者


Ⅱ. 高频短语必会


1.fall ill  生病

2.electric shock  触电;电休克

3.over and over again  反复;多次

4.in place  在适当的位置;适当

5.a number of  许多;若干

6.put one\\\\\\'s hands on  找到

7.make a difference  区别对待;有影响


Ⅲ. 写作句式必学


1.John was studying in his room when he heard screaming.

约翰正在房间学习这时他突然听到一声尖叫。


2.It was John\\\\\\'s quick action and knowledge of first aid that saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.

正是约翰的快速反应和急救知识救了斯莱德女士的命。


3.So as you can imagine,if your skin gets burned it can be very serious.

因此,你可以想象到, 如果你的皮肤烧伤了,就可能非常严重。


Ⅳ. 短文语法填空,然后背诵短文,熟记本单元的重点词汇。


A boy fell ill.His organs were damaged by the radiation of a stove.But before theambulance arrived,a number of other __1__(injury) happened to this unlucky boy over and over again.First,he __2__(choke) by some poisonous liquid from the kettle on thecupboard.Then his wrist skin was burnt by electric shock.Finally,his ankle was cut by apan.

Fortunately,the boy\\\\\\'s nurse gave him proper temporary__3__ (treat) according to hiscomplex symptoms.She mildly squeezed the __4__(poison) liquid out of his throat and putbandages __5__(firm) in place to apply pressure to the ankle wound to stop __6__(bleed).As for the burn,she used scissors to remove his sleeve,__7__(pour) a basin of cold water over the burn to cool it and put her hands on a damp blouse to cover his __8__(swell)tissue tightly.She also inspired his __9__(brave) to fight against the unbearable pain.Her first aid made __10__ vital difference in saving his life.A ceremony was held to honour the nurse who overcame a variety of barriers to save the boy.


【参考答案】

1. injuries 2. was choked 3. treatments 4. poisonous 5. firmly 

6. bleeding 7. poured 8. swollen 9. bravery 10. a


Unit5 First aid单元练习


Ⅰ. 单句语法填空


1.The furniture, with its modern style and bright colors, suits modern houses and their gardens, but looks out of__place__ in the garden of a traditional home.


解析:考查介词短语辨析。句意:有着现代风格的色彩鲜艳的家具适合现代的房屋和花园,但是放在传统风格的花园里看起来就格格不入。out of place不得其所的,不适当的,格格不入的。信息词but告诉我们应该填place表示“不合适的,格格不入的”。


2.Some school teachers complained, “Many kids haven\\\\\\'t got any hobbies— __unless__ you call playing computer games a hobby.” 


解析:考查连词。句意:一些老师抱怨说“许多孩子没有任何爱好,除非你把打电脑游戏叫做一项爱好”。由句意可知,填unless,意为“除非,如果不”。


3.__Filled__(fill) with shame, the boy lowered his head, ready for the punishment from his dad.


解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:因为愧疚感,这个小男孩低下头等他的父亲的惩罚。be filled with充满了……,故填过去分词。


4.Little Tom, who got burned while he was setting off fireworks, __is_being_treated__(treat) in hospital now.


解析:句意:小汤姆在放烟火时被烧伤了,现在正在医院救治。主句的时间状语为now,故用现在进行时的被动语态。


5.The boy made the same mistakes over __and__ over again, which,of course, made his parents very angry.


解析:句意:那个男孩一次次犯同样的错误,这当然令他的父母很生气。over and over again反复;多次,符合句意。


6.—Was it because of the terrible weather __that__ his flight was delayed?

—Not really. An old lady suffered a heart attack and they had to fly back.


解析:考查强调句型。题中的问句部分为强调句型的一般疑问句形式,被强调部分是“because of the terrible weather”,强调句型的一般疑问句的构成:Was/Is it+被强调部分+that/who+其他,故所填词用that。


7.—Don\\\\\\' t put so much __pressure__(press) on the children.It\\\\\\'s harmful to their health.

—OK,I won\\\\\\'t.


解析:考查名词词义辨析。put pressure on为固定搭配,意为“给……施加压力”。前句句意:不要给孩子们施加太多压力,这有害于他们的健康。


8.The number of people, who have access to their own cars,__has_risen__ (rise) sharply in the past decade.


解析:考查主谓一致和时态。本句的主语是the number of people,所以谓语动词用单数;in the past decade表示时间从过去持续到现在,即“十年来”,因此用现在完成时。


9.There is little doubt __that__ you will be able to judge truth and error if you have confidence in yourself.


解析:doubt用作名词时,在肯定句中,其后从句常用whether引导;在否定句和疑问句中使用that引导从句。此处that无意义,也不作成分,是同位语从句的引导词。


10.They have earned lots of money, so I __firmly__(firm) believe that the business is a success.


解析:从They have earned lots of money可知,“我”坚信(firmly believe)生意是成功的。

Ⅱ. 完成句子


1.Because of days of performing first aid, the doctor __was_so_tired_that_he_fell_ill__(太累了以至于病倒了).


2.There are a large number of books in the library, so I hope you can __put/keep_themin_place_after_you_read_them__(读后放在适当位置).


3.__Having_squeezed_his_wet_clothes_out__(拧干了他的湿衣服后), he left the spot without any word.


4.In my childhood, my mother_reminded_me_over_and_over_again_to_(再三提醒我) pay special attention to table manners.


5.There\\\\\\'s a temporary job for you. So please __send_your_application_form_if_possible__(如果可能发你的申请表来).


6.The whole process is likely to become complex in a way, but __learning_to_performfirst_aid_is_essential__ (学会急救是必不可少的) for a newcomer in the hospital.


7.It\\\\\\'s a good habit to keep things in place, which will __make_a_difference_toone\\\\\\'s_future_life__(对于一个人将来的生活有很大影响).


8.Whether we can protect the rivers from pollution __depends_on_everyone\\\\\\'sjoint_efforts__(取决于大家共同努力).


9.It\\\\\\'s a mystery __why_a_large_number_of_insects_are_dying_out__(为何大量的昆虫正在灭绝).


10.I doubt __whether_knowledge_about_first_aid_can_be_put_into_practice__(急救知识能否付诸于实践) in my daily life.


Ⅲ. 单句改错


1.It is clearly stated that these regulations apply for everyone in the community, without exception.


__for→to__


2.The doctor advised her to eat more bean products in the place of meat which might be harmful to her heart.


__去掉place前的the__


3.It\\\\\\'s through commitment and sweat that I can make difference within myself inside and out.


__make后加a__


4.Little Tom, who got burned while he was setting off fireworks, is treated in hospital now.


__is后加being__


5.It\\\\\\'s vital that a successful movie pays much attention to its theme and the figures\\\\\\' characters.


__pays→pay__


6.The children were playing football on the playground while it began to rain.


__while→when__


Ⅳ. 教材原句


1.First aid is a temporary form of help __given__ (give) to someone __who__ suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found.


解析:第一空考查分词作后置定语,a temporary form of help与give为被动关系,故填过去分词;第二空为定语从句,先行词为someone,且定语从句缺主语,故填who。


2.It prevents your body __losing__ (lose) too much water.


解析:“prevent...(from) doing”意为“阻止……做……”。


3.If your skin gets __burnt__ (burn) it can be very serious.


解析:“get burnt”意为“烧伤;烫伤”。


4.There are other times __when__ giving first aid quickly can save lives.


解析:考查定语从句。先行词为other times且从句中缺少状语,故填when。


5.These __affect__ (effect) both the top and the second layer of the skin.


解析:句中缺少谓语动词,故应填effect的动词形式affect。


6.Remove clothing __using__ (use) scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.


解析:句意:除非衣服粘贴在烧伤面上,否则都要把衣服脱掉。如果需要的话,可以使用剪刀。现在分词作方式状语,表示主动。


7.You can get burnt by a __variety__ (vary) of things.


解析:“a variety of”意为“各种各样的”。


8.It was John\\\\\\'s quick action and knowledge of first aid __that__ saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.


解析:该句为强调句型,故填that,强调部分为句子主语。


9.I\\\\\\'m proud of __what__ I did but I was just doing __what__ I\\\\\\'d been taught.


解析:两个what均引导宾语从句,且都在从句中作宾语。


10.Examples include mild sunburn and burns caused by __touching__ (touch) a hot pan, stove or iron for a moment.


解析:“by doing...”意为“通过某种方式”。


Ⅴ. 语篇填空


It was John\\\\\\'s quick action and knowledge of first aid ①__that__ saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.He immediately asked a number of nearby people ②__for__ bandages, but when nobody could put their hands on any, ③__his__ father got some tea towels and tape from their house.John used these to treat the most severe injuries to Ms Slade\\\\\\'s hands.He slowed the bleeding by applying ④__pressure__ (press) to the wounds ⑤__until__ the police and ambulance arrived.

“I\\\\\\'m proud of what I did ⑥__but__ I was just doing what I\\\\\\'d been taught,” John said.John had taken part in the Young Lifesaver Scheme at his high school.When congratulating John, Mr Alan Southerton, Director of the Young Lifesaver Scheme said, “There is no doubt ⑦__that__ John\\\\\\'s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make ⑧__a__ real difference.”

Before receiving their awards last night, John and the nine other Life Savers ⑨__attended__(attend) a special reception yesterday ⑩__hosted__(host) by the Prime Minister.


Ⅵ. 话题写作


用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。


1.My sister__burnt_her_ankle__when she__knocked_over__a kettle on the cupboard.


我妹妹打翻了橱子上的水壶,烫伤了脚踝。


2.Her ankle__became_swollen__,and the pain was__unbearable__.I immediately provided some__temporary_treatment__.


她的脚踝肿了,疼痛难忍。我立刻提供了一些临时治疗。


3.I put some cloths in a basin of cool water,__squeezed_them_out__and placed them on the burned area__over_and_over_again__.


我把一些布放到凉水盆,然后拧干水,放到烫伤的地方,反复地这样做。


4.I dried the burned area__gently__.


我轻轻地把烫伤的地方弄干。


5.I took__a_pair_of_scissors__and cut__a_bandage__,with which I covered the ankle.I__tied_it_tightly__so that it would stay__in_place__.


我用剪刀剪下一条绷带,盖住脚踝。绑紧,以便固定住。


6.I__am_proud_of__what I did and it shows that a knowledge of__first_aid__ can__make_a_real_difference__.


我对所做的事很自豪,这件事表明懂得急救知识真的很有用。


组篇公式:适当加入过渡词。


答案:

My sister burnt her ankle when she knocked over a kettle on the cupboard.Her ankle became swollen,and the pain was unbearable. I immediately provided some temporary treatment. Firstly, I put some cloths in a basin of cool water, squeezed them out and placed them on the burned area over and over again.Then I dried the burned area gently. Finally I took a pair of scissors and cut a bandage,with which I covered the ankle. I tied it tightly so that it would stay in place.

I am proud of what I did and it shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real difference.


Unit 5  First AId

Language points


First aid is an occasional form of help given to someone who falls ill all of a sudden or gets injured before a doctor comes. Often the illness or injury is not serious, but there are other times when giving first aid timely can save lives.


Key words and expressions


temporary  adj. 暂时的;临时的   n. 临时工



01

临时文档

If you finish your report, save it in a temporary file immediately.

02

临时围栏

Plastic temporary fence feet are called temporary fence block, fence block, fence base and fence holder.

03

临时预付款

Our company has been offered a temporary advance.

04

临时机构

BCB is a temporary association for this project.

05

临时资金

Your company has provided us with a temporary fund.

06

临时工

Our company got a lot of temporary workers last summer.


词形变化:

temporarily (adv.)   temporariness (n.) temporaries(pl.)

同义词:

irregular;occasional, temp worker;impermanent

反义词:

lasting,permanent

单词分析:

temporary:时间持续有限,着重暂时存在、应用或效应。

momentary:指瞬时即逝,表明间很短。

transient:指停留或延续时间很短。


fall ill

生病

A young man fell ill all of a sudden and fell down on the court when playing basketball with his friends.

Read the passage below and find some other phrases with “fall” in it.

Tom was poor at his natural science and afraid to fall behind others so he worked hard at his subjects. One day, Tom was so tired that he fell asleep sitting under a tall tree.  But he was waken by a strange sound later. He opened his eyes and found a small bird fall off from its nest in a tree opposite and fall down on the ground. He dashed to the baby bird in no time and he fell in love with it at the sight of it. But he fell to pieces when seeing the bird’s wings broken. He carried it in his hands carefully and hurried to the bird shelter without hesitation.


 injury


n. 损伤;伤害

James got serious injuries to the legs while fell off from a tree.

She still suffers considerable discomfort from her injury.

He had a spinal injury in that accident.

do sb. an injury = do an injury to sb. 


近义词:

harm, hurt, wound

Practice in Class




  1. Accidents that can happen at Home: Common causes of home injuries(受伤) deaths are fire(失火) and burns(烧伤或烫伤), suffocation, drowning, choking(噎死), falls, poisoning(中毒), and guns.

  2. Keep the person quiet(安静). Walking, talking, and blowing the nose will increase the bleeding(流血). Sit down and lean forward. Do not lean back, as the blood(血) may flow down your throat and cause you to choke(呛;噎). Press on the bleeding(流血的) nostril with a clean cloth / tissue. Keep the pressure on the nose for about 15 minutes.

  3. Stop Burning Immediately

    a) Put out fire or stop the person‘s contact with hot liquid(液体), liquid(蒸汽), or other material.

    b) Help the person "stop, drop, and roll" to smother flames.

    c) Remove(除去) smoldering material from the person.

    d) Remove hot or burned(烧着的) clothing. If clothing sticks to skin(皮肤), cut or tear around it.

  4. If you suspect someone has swallowed a poison(毒药), get help right away. Try to determine what caused the poisoning(中毒) and have the person\\\'s age and weight ready to give to the person who answers the phone.

【2021寒假】高中全部学科课程预习汇总


教案:

教学重点:


1.通过快速阅读,找到标题和小标题,帮助学生理清文章结构,掌握此类应用文的阅读方法。


2.引导学生在文本众多的信息中梳理烫伤的类型,特点及处理措施的基本信息。


3.通过一系列的融语言,思维,文化为一体的学习活动发展学生的英语学科核心素养。


教学难点:


1.本文是一篇科普类文章,专业词汇知识涉及较多,学生在短时间内掌握并运用它们。


2.在有限课堂时间内,学生对本堂课所学知识的迁移运用。


教学步骤



学习理解类活动


I. Pre-reading


课堂活动1:Situation -- An accident


活动设计:情景创设。教师通过创设课堂上的“小意外”----因端水杯喝水,不慎将手烫伤,请学生帮助,激发学生思考,并利用他们的常识处理突发事件,引出First aid for burns. 预估:绝大多数学生不太清楚如何处理,从而进入课文学习。


【设计意图】激发兴趣,引出话题。


围绕本节课主题创设情景,通过小意外的创设,邀请学生参与急救,唤起学生的好奇心,激发思维,并对烫伤后的急救形成一定的感知与注意。


II.  While-reading


课堂活动2:Fast-reading  (认知策略)

活动设计:要求学生略读文本(指导略读方法:阅读课文题目和小标题)理清文章结构让学生了解文本体裁。

Read fast and answer the two questions (2 mins) 


(1) What is the text type of this passage?


A. narration (记叙文)        

B. argumentation(议论文)        

C. Exposition (说明文) 


(2) What is this passage mainly about?


(3) Find out the structure 


【设计意图】围绕主题,建构新知。


运用认知策略,根据篇章标题和小标题信息预测和理解篇章主要内容,通过快速浏览,引导学生获取文章结构,了解语篇文体,对本文章有初步认知。


课堂活动3:Careful-reading  (认知策略、情感策略)


活动设计:学生仔细阅读指定板块,并独立完成表格信息,分类及判断正误和问答,进而对课前情景创设中的烫伤进行程度判断和处理。学生通过强答,小组代表展示,完成文本的细读。


【设计意图】梳理文本,建立关联。


引导学生在获取和梳理文本信息的过程中,融合语言知识学习,语言技能运用和学习策略发展,建立信息间的关联。通过急救措施相关问题的深层思考,培养学生逻辑思维能力。



运用实践类活动


III. Post-reading


课堂活动4:Presentation (认知策略、交际策略)


活动设计:6组学生派代表上台,分别向其他组同学介绍并表演他们这一组关于烫伤事故的程度认定及急救处理。


【设计意图】内化知识,运用实践。


通过小组合作探究,丰富学习方式,培养学生学习能力。另外,在获取、梳理、整合有关烫伤急救相关信息的基础上,开展有针对性的语言实践活动。学生在观看了被烫伤的视频后,对伤势进行判定和治疗的实践活动中不断内化语言知识和文化知识,巩固新的知识结构,促进语言运用的自动化。再有,通过紧急抢救这一话题,鼓励学生要珍爱生命,努力掌握一定的急救常识。


课堂活动5:Reflection (元认知策略)


活动设计:学生完成对学习目标、学习过程以及学习策略的反思评价表。

T: Did she experience more fun or more difficulty?

S7: There seemed more difficulty.

T: Bingo! Let’s go on to read about what difficulty she had studying in London.


【设计意图】反思评价,以评促学


通过反思评价表帮助学生认识自我,引导他们学会监控和调整自己的英语学习过程及学习方式,通过自我评估,达到以评促学的目的。

迁移创新类活动


IV. Assignment


In our daily life, nobody knows which comes first, tomorrow or accident? Imitate (模仿) what you have learned in this class and imagine: When you come across the accident like this (choking, heart attack, bleeding…), what will you do? (认知策略)


【设计意图】内外结合,知行合一


课后作业的目的是巩固课内所学,帮助学生将所学知识和能力迁移到课外的真实生活情景中,用于解决真实生活情景中的问题。

练习:

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扫码查看下载全部资源高中英语必修选修学生用书电子版下载人教版高中英语必修+选修电子课本汇编人教高中英语朗读:必修第1~3册音频下载人教版高中英语必修+选修电子课本汇编人教版高中英语必修一全册朗读+名师精讲人教版高中英语必修二全册朗读+名师精讲人教版高中英语必修三全册朗读+名师精讲人教版高中英语必修四全册朗读+名师精讲人教版高中英语必修五全册朗读+名师精讲↓Unit 5 单词朗读:Unit 5 课文朗读:视频教学:重点单词:重点句型:Unit5 First aid知识点详解Ⅰ. 常考单词必背1.aid  n. ①[U]援助;救护;帮助 ②[C]辅助者;有助之物 vt. 帮助While in the past we stressed aid,now we stress economic cooperation.我们过去侧重提供援助,现在强调经济合作。[快速闪记](1)do/give/offer first aid  进行急救with the aid of  在……帮助下;借助于come/go to one\\\\\\'s aid  来(去)帮助某人in aid of  作为……的帮助;为了(2)aid sb to do.../in doing...  帮助某人做……aid sb with...  帮助某人……2.injury  n. [C]&[U]伤害;损害Be careful lifting that heavy box—you\\\\\\'ll do yourself an injury!=Be careful lifting that heavy box—you\\\\\\'ll do an injury to yourself!抬那个重箱子要小心——你会把自己弄伤的![快速闪记]injure  vt. 损害;伤害injured  adj.受伤的;受冤屈的the injured  伤员do sb an injury/do an injury to sb  伤害某人3.bleed (bled,bled)  vi. 出血;流血;悲痛;流出 vt.使出血;给……放血Our hearts bled for you. 我们为你感到悲痛。bleed away one\\\\\\'s life(=bleed to death) 流血致死Doctors sometimes bleed sick people. 大夫有时为病人抽血。4. poison n. [C]&[U]毒药;毒物 vt. 使中毒;毒死;放毒于poisonous adj. ①有毒的②(在道德上毒害人的)有害的5.complex  adj. 复杂的It is a complex system,but it certainly makes a change.这是个复杂的体系,不过确实有所改变。6.variety  n. 变化;多样化;多变性Chinese food is famous for its wide variety.中餐以菜系多样而闻名。[快速闪记]a variety of  种种;各种各样的various  adj. 不同的;各种各样的variously adv. 各种各样地vary  vi. 不同;变化7.swell (swelled,swollen/swelled)  vi. ①肿胀;膨胀 ②逐渐增加His legs became red,swollen and covered with blisters.他的腿变得红肿起来,布满了水泡。His bank balance has swelled by £222,000 in the last three weeks.在过去的 3 周里,他银行的存款多了 222 000 英镑。8.squeeze vt.&vi. 榨;挤;压榨[快速闪记]squeeze out 榨出;挤出squeeze through 挤过去squeeze one\\\\\\'s way 挤过9.pour  vt. 倒;注;灌 vi. ①下大雨 ②涌出/进Please pour me a cup of coffee. 请给我再倒咖啡。It never rains but it pours. 不下则已,下则倾盆。10.firm n. 商行;公司 adj. ①结实的;坚固的 ②坚定的;强有力的I work in a law firm,practicing business law,you know. 我在律师事务所工作,如你所知,从事商业法。The city walls are as firm as rock. 城墙坚如磐石。[快速闪记]firmly  adv. 坚定地;坚决地;牢牢地11.apply  vt.&vi. ①申请 ②应用;使用;适用 ③涂、施You should apply immediately,in person or by letter. 你应该立即申请,亲自去也好,写信也好。[快速闪记](1)apply to sb for...  向……申请……apply for  申请;请求apply sth to sth 将某物应用某物;把……涂抹到……apply to  适用……(to为介词)apply oneself to  专心致志于……(2)application  n. [C]&[U]请求;申请;应用;适用applicant  n. [C]申请人;应征者Ⅱ. 高频短语必会1.fall ill  生病2.electric shock  触电;电休克3.over and over again  反复;多次4.in place  在适当的位置;适当5.a number of  许多;若干6.put one\\\\\\'s hands on  找到7.make a difference  区别对待;有影响Ⅲ. 写作句式必学1.John was studying in his room when he heard screaming.约翰正在房间学习这时他突然听到一声尖叫。2.It was John\\\\\\'s quick action and knowledge of first aid that saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.正是约翰的快速反应和急救知识救了斯莱德女士的命。3.So as you can imagine,if your skin gets burned it can be very serious.因此,你可以想象到, 如果你的皮肤烧伤了,就可能非常严重。Ⅳ. 短文语法填空,然后背诵短文,熟记本单元的重点词汇。A boy fell ill.His organs were damaged by the radiation of a stove.But before theambulance arrived,a number of other __1__(injury) happened to this unlucky boy over and over again.First,he __2__(choke) by some poisonous liquid from the kettle on thecupboard.Then his wrist skin was burnt by electric shock.Finally,his ankle was cut by apan.Fortunately,the boy\\\\\\'s nurse gave him proper temporary__3__ (treat) according to hiscomplex symptoms.She mildly squeezed the __4__(poison) liquid out of his throat and putbandages __5__(firm) in place to apply pressure to the ankle wound to stop __6__(bleed).As for the burn,she used scissors to remove his sleeve,__7__(pour) a basin of cold water over the burn to cool it and put her hands on a damp blouse to cover his __8__(swell)tissue tightly.She also inspired his __9__(brave) to fight against the unbearable pain.Her first aid made __10__ vital difference in saving his life.A ceremony was held to honour the nurse who overcame a variety of barriers to save the boy.【参考答案】1. injuries 2. was choked 3. treatments 4. poisonous 5. firmly 6. bleeding 7. poured 8. swollen 9. bravery 10. aUnit5 First aid单元练习Ⅰ. 单句语法填空1.The furniture, with its modern style and bright colors, suits modern houses and their gardens, but looks out of__place__ in the garden of a traditional home.解析:考查介词短语辨析。句意:有着现代风格的色彩鲜艳的家具适合现代的房屋和花园,但是放在传统风格的花园里看起来就格格不入。out of place不得其所的,不适当的,格格不入的。信息词but告诉我们应该填place表示“不合适的,格格不入的”。2.Some school teachers complained, “Many kids haven\\\\\\'t got any hobbies— __unless__ you call playing computer games a hobby.” 解析:考查连词。句意:一些老师抱怨说“许多孩子没有任何爱好,除非你把打电脑游戏叫做一项爱好”。由句意可知,填unless,意为“除非,如果不”。3.__Filled__(fill) with shame, the boy lowered his head, ready for the punishment from his dad.解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:因为愧疚感,这个小男孩低下头等他的父亲的惩罚。be filled with充满了……,故填过去分词。4.Little Tom, who got burned while he was setting off fireworks, __is_being_treated__(treat) in hospital now.解析:句意:小汤姆在放烟火时被烧伤了,现在正在医院救治。主句的时间状语为now,故用现在进行时的被动语态。5.The boy made the same mistakes over __and__ over again, which,of course, made his parents very angry.解析:句意:那个男孩一次次犯同样的错误,这当然令他的父母很生气。over and over again反复;多次,符合句意。6.—Was it because of the terrible weather __that__ his flight was delayed?—Not really. An old lady suffered a heart attack and they had to fly back.解析:考查强调句型。题中的问句部分为强调句型的一般疑问句形式,被强调部分是“because of the terrible weather”,强调句型的一般疑问句的构成:Was/Is it+被强调部分+that/who+其他,故所填词用that。7.—Don\\\\\\' t put so much __pressure__(press) on the children.It\\\\\\'s harmful to their health.—OK,I won\\\\\\'t.解析:考查名词词义辨析。put pressure on为固定搭配,意为“给……施加压力”。前句句意:不要给孩子们施加太多压力,这有害于他们的健康。8.The number of people, who have access to their own cars,__has_risen__ (rise) sharply in the past decade.解析:考查主谓一致和时态。本句的主语是the number of people,所以谓语动词用单数;in the past decade表示时间从过去持续到现在,即“十年来”,因此用现在完成时。9.There is little doubt __that__ you will be able to judge truth and error if you have confidence in yourself.解析:doubt用作名词时,在肯定句中,其后从句常用whether引导;在否定句和疑问句中使用that引导从句。此处that无意义,也不作成分,是同位语从句的引导词。10.They have earned lots of money, so I __firmly__(firm) believe that the business is a success.解析:从They have earned lots of money可知,“我”坚信(firmly believe)生意是成功的。Ⅱ. 完成句子1.Because of days of performing first aid, the doctor __was_so_tired_that_he_fell_ill__(太累了以至于病倒了).2.There are a large number of books in the library, so I hope you can __put/keep_them_ in_place_after_you_read_them__(读后放在适当位置).3.__Having_squeezed_his_wet_clothes_out__(拧干了他的湿衣服后), he left the spot without any word.4.In my childhood, my mother_reminded_me_over_and_over_again_to_(再三提醒我) pay special attention to table manners.5.There\\\\\\'s a temporary job for you. So please __send_your_application_form_if_possible__(如果可能发你的申请表来).6.The whole process is likely to become complex in a way, but __learning_to_perform_ first_aid_is_essential__ (学会急救是必不可少的) for a newcomer in the hospital.7.It\\\\\\'s a good habit to keep things in place, which will __make_a_difference_to_ one\\\\\\'s_future_life__(对于一个人将来的生活有很大影响).8.Whether we can protect the rivers from pollution __depends_on_everyone\\\\\\'s_ joint_efforts__(取决于大家共同努力).9.It\\\\\\'s a mystery __why_a_large_number_of_insects_are_dying_out__(为何大量的昆虫正在灭绝).10.I doubt __whether_knowledge_about_first_aid_can_be_put_into_practice__(急救知识能否付诸于实践) in my daily life.Ⅲ. 单句改错1.It is clearly stated that these regulations apply for everyone in the community, without exception.__for→to__2.The doctor advised her to eat more bean products in the place of meat which might be harmful to her heart.__去掉place前的the__3.It\\\\\\'s through commitment and sweat that I can make difference within myself inside and out.__make后加a__4.Little Tom, who got burned while he was setting off fireworks, is treated in hospital now.__is后加being__5.It\\\\\\'s vital that a successful movie pays much attention to its theme and the figures\\\\\\' characters.__pays→pay__6.The children were playing football on the playground while it began to rain.__while→when__Ⅳ. 教材原句1.First aid is a temporary form of help __given__ (give) to someone __who__ suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found.解析:第一空考查分词作后置定语,a temporary form of help与give为被动关系,故填过去分词;第二空为定语从句,先行词为someone,且定语从句缺主语,故填who。2.It prevents your body __losing__ (lose) too much water.解析:“prevent...(from) doing”意为“阻止……做……”。3.If your skin gets __burnt__ (burn) it can be very serious.解析:“get burnt”意为“烧伤;烫伤”。4.There are other times __when__ giving first aid quickly can save lives.解析:考查定语从句。先行词为other times且从句中缺少状语,故填when。5.These __affect__ (effect) both the top and the second layer of the skin.解析:句中缺少谓语动词,故应填effect的动词形式affect。6.Remove clothing __using__ (use) scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.解析:句意:除非衣服粘贴在烧伤面上,否则都要把衣服脱掉。如果需要的话,可以使用剪刀。现在分词作方式状语,表示主动。7.You can get burnt by a __variety__ (vary) of things.解析:“a variety of”意为“各种各样的”。8.It was John\\\\\\'s quick action and knowledge of first aid __that__ saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.解析:该句为强调句型,故填that,强调部分为句子主语。9.I\\\\\\'m proud of __what__ I did but I was just doing __what__ I\\\\\\'d been taught.解析:两个what均引导宾语从句,且都在从句中作宾语。10.Examples include mild sunburn and burns caused by __touching__ (touch) a hot pan, stove or iron for a moment.解析:“by doing...”意为“通过某种方式”。Ⅴ. 语篇填空It was John\\\\\\'s quick action and knowledge of first aid ①__that__ saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.He immediately asked a number of nearby people ②__for__ bandages, but when nobody could put their hands on any, ③__his__ father got some tea towels and tape from their house.John used these to treat the most severe injuries to Ms Slade\\\\\\'s hands.He slowed the bleeding by applying ④__pressure__ (press) to the wounds ⑤__until__ the police and ambulance arrived.“I\\\\\\'m proud of what I did ⑥__but__ I was just doing what I\\\\\\'d been taught,” John said.John had taken part in the Young Lifesaver Scheme at his high school.When congratulating John, Mr Alan Southerton, Director of the Young Lifesaver Scheme said, “There is no doubt ⑦__that__ John\\\\\\'s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade\\\\\\'s life.It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make ⑧__a__ real difference.”Before receiving their awards last night, John and the nine other Life Savers ⑨__attended__(attend) a special reception yesterday ⑩__hosted__(host) by the Prime Minister.Ⅵ. 话题写作用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。1.My sister__burnt_her_ankle__when she__knocked_over__a kettle on the cupboard.我妹妹打翻了橱子上的水壶,烫伤了脚踝。2.Her ankle__became_swollen__,and the pain was__unbearable__.I immediately provided some__temporary_treatment__.她的脚踝肿了,疼痛难忍。我立刻提供了一些临时治疗。3.I put some cloths in a basin of cool water,__squeezed_them_out__and placed them on the burned area__over_and_over_again__.我把一些布放到凉水盆,然后拧干水,放到烫伤的地方,反复地这样做。4.I dried the burned area__gently__.我轻轻地把烫伤的地方弄干。5.I took__a_pair_of_scissors__and cut__a_bandage__,with which I covered the ankle.I__tied_it_tightly__so that it would stay__in_place__.我用剪刀剪下一条绷带,盖住脚踝。绑紧,以便固定住。6.I__am_proud_of__what I did and it shows that a knowledge of__first_aid__ can__make_a_real_difference__.我对所做的事很自豪,这件事表明懂得急救知识真的很有用。组篇公式:适当加入过渡词。答案:My sister burnt her ankle when she knocked over a kettle on the cupboard.Her ankle became swollen,and the pain was unbearable. I immediately provided some temporary treatment. Firstly, I put some cloths in a basin of cool water, squeezed them out and placed them on the burned area over and over again.Then I dried the burned area gently. Finally I took a pair of scissors and cut a bandage,with which I covered the ankle. I tied it tightly so that it would stay in place.I am proud of what I did and it shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real difference.Unit 5  First AIdLanguage pointsFirst aid is an occasional form of help given to someone who falls ill all of a sudden or gets injured before a doctor comes. Often the illness or injury is not serious, but there are other times when giving first aid timely can save lives.Key words and expressionstemporary  adj. 暂时的;临时的   n. 临时工01临时文档If you finish your report, save it in a temporary file immediately.02临时围栏Plastic temporary fence feet are called temporary fence block, fence block, fence base and fence holder.03临时预付款Our company has been offered a temporary advance.04临时机构BCB is a temporary association for this project.05临时资金Your company has provided us with a temporary fund.06临时工Our company got a lot of temporary workers last summer.词形变化:temporarily (adv.)   temporariness (n.) temporaries(pl.)同义词:irregular;occasional, temp worker;impermanent反义词:lasting,permanent单词分析:temporary:时间持续有限,着重暂时存在、应用或效应。momentary:指瞬时即逝,表明间很短。transient:指停留或延续时间很短。fall ill生病A young man fell ill all of a sudden and fell down on the court when playing basketball with his friends.Read the passage below and find some other phrases with “fall” in it.Tom was poor at his natural science and afraid to fall behind others so he worked hard at his subjects. One day, Tom was so tired that he fell asleep sitting under a tall tree.  But he was waken by a strange sound later. He opened his eyes and found a small bird fall off from its nest in a tree opposite and fall down on the ground. He dashed to the baby bird in no time and he fell in love with it at the sight of it. But he fell to pieces when seeing the bird’s wings broken. He carried it in his hands carefully and hurried to the bird shelter without hesitation. injuryn. 损伤;伤害James got serious injuries to the legs while fell off from a tree.She still suffers considerable discomfort from her injury.He had a spinal injury in that accident.do sb. an injury = do an injury to sb. 近义词:harm, hurt, woundPractice in ClassAccidents that can happen at Home: Common causes of home injuries(受伤) deaths are fire(失火) and burns(烧伤或烫伤), suffocation, drowning, choking(噎死), falls, poisoning(中毒), and guns.Keep the person quiet(安静). Walking, talking, and blowing the nose will increase the bleeding(流血). Sit down and lean forward. Do not lean back, as the blood(血) may flow down your throat and cause you to choke(呛;噎). Press on the bleeding(流血的) nostril with a clean cloth / tissue. Keep the pressure on the nose for about 15 minutes.Stop Burning Immediatelya) Put out fire or stop the person‘s contact with hot liquid(液体), liquid(蒸汽), or other material.b) Help the person "stop, drop, and roll" to smother flames.c) Remove(除去) smoldering material from the person.d) Remove hot or burned(烧着的) clothing. If clothing sticks to skin(皮肤), cut or tear around it.If you suspect someone has swallowed a poison(毒药), get help right away. Try to determine what caused the poisoning(中毒) and have the person\\\'s age and weight ready to give to the person who answers the phone.【2021寒假】高中全部学科课程预习汇总教案:教学重点:1.通过快速阅读,找到标题和小标题,帮助学生理清文章结构,掌握此类应用文的阅读方法。2.引导学生在文本众多的信息中梳理烫伤的类型,特点及处理措施的基本信息。3.通过一系列的融语言,思维,文化为一体的学习活动发展学生的英语学科核心素养。教学难点:1.本文是一篇科普类文章,专业词汇知识涉及较多,学生在短时间内掌握并运用它们。2.在有限课堂时间内,学生对本堂课所学知识的迁移运用。教学步骤学习理解类活动I. Pre-reading课堂活动1:Situation -- An accident活动设计:情景创设。教师通过创设课堂上的“小意外”----因端水杯喝水,不慎将手烫伤,请学生帮助,激发学生思考,并利用他们的常识处理突发事件,引出First aid for burns. 预估:绝大多数学生不太清楚如何处理,从而进入课文学习。【设计意图】激发兴趣,引出话题。围绕本节课主题创设情景,通过小意外的创设,邀请学生参与急救,唤起学生的好奇心,激发思维,并对烫伤后的急救形成一定的感知与注意。II.  While-reading课堂活动2:Fast-reading  (认知策略)活动设计:要求学生略读文本(指导略读方法:阅读课文题目和小标题)理清文章结构让学生了解文本体裁。Read fast and answer the two questions (2 mins) (1) What is the text type of this passage?A. narration (记叙文)        B. argumentation(议论文)        C. Exposition (说明文) (2) What is this passage mainly about?(3) Find out the structure 【设计意图】围绕主题,建构新知。运用认知策略,根据篇章标题和小标题信息预测和理解篇章主要内容,通过快速浏览,引导学生获取文章结构,了解语篇文体,对本文章有初步认知。课堂活动3:Careful-reading  (认知策略、情感策略)活动设计:学生仔细阅读指定板块,并独立完成表格信息,分类及判断正误和问答,进而对课前情景创设中的烫伤进行程度判断和处理。学生通过强答,小组代表展示,完成文本的细读。【设计意图】梳理文本,建立关联。引导学生在获取和梳理文本信息的过程中,融合语言知识学习,语言技能运用和学习策略发展,建立信息间的关联。通过急救措施相关问题的深层思考,培养学生逻辑思维能力。运用实践类活动III. Post-reading课堂活动4:Presentation (认知策略、交际策略)活动设计:6组学生派代表上台,分别向其他组同学介绍并表演他们这一组关于烫伤事故的程度认定及急救处理。【设计意图】内化知识,运用实践。通过小组合作探究,丰富学习方式,培养学生学习能力。另外,在获取、梳理、整合有关烫伤急救相关信息的基础上,开展有针对性的语言实践活动。学生在观看了被烫伤的视频后,对伤势进行判定和治疗的实践活动中不断内化语言知识和文化知识,巩固新的知识结构,促进语言运用的自动化。再有,通过紧急抢救这一话题,鼓励学生要珍爱生命,努力掌握一定的急救常识。课堂活动5:Reflection (元认知策略)活动设计:学生完成对学习目标、学习过程以及学习策略的反思评价表。T: Did she experience more fun or more difficulty?S7: There seemed more difficulty.T: Bingo! Let’s go on to read about what difficulty she had studying in London.【设计意图】反思评价,以评促学通过反思评价表帮助学生认识自我,引导他们学会监控和调整自己的英语学习过程及学习方式,通过自我评估,达到以评促学的目的。迁移创新类活动IV. AssignmentIn our daily life, nobody knows which comes first, tomorrow or accident? Imitate (模仿) what you have learned in this class and imagine: When you come across the accident like this (choking, heart attack, bleeding…), what will you do? (认知策略)【设计意图】内外结合,知行合一课后作业的目的是巩固课内所学,帮助学生将所学知识和能力迁移到课外的真实生活情景中,用于解决真实生活情景中的问题。练习:图文来自网络,版权归原作者,如有不妥,告知即删点击阅读原文下载全册PPT课件动画教案习题整套资料

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